Cannabidiol derived from hemp is legal in Missouri. Missouri has a rich history with hemp and is the second largest hemp producer in the US. The industrial production of CBD in the state started as far back as the 1830s. At the time, using CBD as a medical supplement was not profitable, which took its toll on its cultivation.
In 2014, a law on the legality of low tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) derived from hemp gradually developed because of its importance in treating persistent epilepsy. Moreover, the US had passed a proposed bill that allowed universities to carry out pilot studies on the cultivation and processing of CBD from hemp extract for therapeutic use. By mid-2018 and 2019, the door of opportunity opened for CBD products in the state, making cultivation and commercialization of hemp possible throughout the states and thus allowing shops to sell CBD products freely. Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC are legal and readily available for residents of Missouri. However, marijuana-derived CBD oil is only allowed for medical marijuana patients and can only be purchased based on doctors’ recommendations.
CBD in Missouri attained its legal status in 2018. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (Farm Bill) legalized hemp and its naturally derived chemical compounds, including cannabinoids, across the US and removed it from the Controlled Substances Act. The Act defines hemp as a cannabis plant with no more than 0.3% THC content on a dry weight basis. A CBD product produced from hemp must maintain a THC content below 0.3% throughout the manufacturing process, or it will become illegal.
In Missouri 2014, House Bill 2238 was enacted to allow the cultivation of industrial hemp by the Department of Agriculture. The law permitted cannabidiol (CBD) derived from industrial hemp for medicinal purposes. Furthermore, in 2018, Missouri passed House Bill 2054, which removed industrial hemp from the controlled substance list. Consequently, persons not convicted of drug-related violations can cultivate it. Additionally, House Bill 2034 was ratified to permit industrial hemp growing and processing by businesses licensed in the state’s hemp licensing program.
A summary of Missouri laws on CBD in 2023 are:
The public use of cannabis is not allowed
Persons who have not been convicted of serious crimes or drug-related offenses may cultivate industrial hemp legally
The state allows the use of hemp-derived CBD in nutrients, alcoholic drinks, or beverages
Missouri has no legal age restriction for hemp-derived CBD. However, sellers may decide not to grant access to minors
Prescription is not required to access hemp-derived CBD. In contrast, physician recommendations are needed for persons with qualifying medical conditions to purchase or possess marijuana-derived CBD with higher THC content
Local stores have the legal right to sell hemp-derived CBD products, although quality cannot be guaranteed. In this light, users are advised to thoroughly scrutinize CBD brands to reduce the odds of buying inferior merchandise
CBD derived from marijuana is not legal. Hence, its use for recreational purposes is prohibited
As a result of the lack of clarity on hemp-derived CBD products, sellers are sometimes penalized for its sale. On the other hand, buyers are seldomly punished for purchasing or being in possession of hemp products
In May 2014, Missouri’s cannabis policy reform efforts began with the Senate Bill 491 passage. The Bill removed jail time and reduced the penalty for less significant cannabis offenses and for first-time offenders caught with under 10 grams of marijuana. However, the Bill did not legalize possession of marijuana.
The same year the Missouri Medical Marijuana bill passed, however, it was signed into law as House Bill 2238 by the then governor, Jay Nixon. The bill does not decriminalize the use of marijuana but rather hemp-derived CBD oil. In summary, hemp extracts must contain a maximum of 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and a minimum of 5% CBD. In addition, the law allows doctors to recommend medical marijuana for a list of qualifying medical conditions as well as any other chronic, incapacitating or other persistent conditions, including any terminal illness or intractable seizures.
Missouri does not define possession limits for CBD products derived from industrial hemp that meet state requirements, and marijuana-derived CBD products may only be accessible through the state’s medical program, which imposes different restrictions.
In Missouri, there is no need for a doctor’s prescription to access hemp-derived CBD oil. Doctors typically cannot prescribe CBD products that are sold over the counter; instead, they may recommend them.
However, marijuana-derived CBD oil can only be purchased with a Missouri Medical Marijuana Card, which is obtained based on a doctor’s certification. Only patients with specific medical conditions or diseases and caregivers can apply for medical marijuana cards.
In Missouri, there are no state regulations regarding the legal age to buy CBD. However, there might be varying laws in counties and cities in Missouri for CDB vendors. Many smoke shops may require users to be 21 years old in line with the legal age for tobacco products. Conversely, many CBD online stores allow customers 18 years and older to place orders and get their shipments in Missouri.
There is a general cultivation licensing requirement for the state of Missouri. Indoor, outdoor, or greenhouse facilities can be used to cultivate medical marijuana. The following are a few basic requirements:
Indoor facilities making use of artificial lighting cannot be more than 30,000 square feet of flowering plant roof structured space
Outdoor facilities making use of natural lighting can have up to 2,800 flowering plants
Greenhouse facilities using a combination of natural and artificial lighting can have up to 2,800 flowering plants or a maximum of 30,000 square feet of flowering plant roof structured space
Records of all agricultural chemicals such as pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers applied to marijuana plants, and the growing medium during production and processing at various facilities for at least 5 years must be kept
In the case of a cultivation facility operating multiple cultivation licenses in the same place, the size limitation of the cultivation facility is multiplied by the number of licenses
Cultivation facilities are only entitled to transport medical marijuana which they have cultivated to dispensaries, checking, and manufacturing facilities
In Missouri, there are no regulations on purchasing CBD products besides hemp source and THC content restrictions. CBD may be purchased in wellness centers, dispensaries, vape shops, grocery markets, and convenience stores.
In addition, there are also online stores selling CBD that can be accessed in Missouri. These shops are open twenty-four hours a day, offering a wider variety of products and convenience. Buying CBD online is a viable option for most consumers. When CBD products are purchased online directly from a brand, the shopper gets a better assessment of the brand’s manufacturing practices, hemp source, and lab check procedures which can help to ensure that the CBD products meet legal benchmarks.
CBD oil is the final mixture produced by dissolving CBD extract in a carrier oil. After extracting CBD from cannabis plants, it comes out as a thick paste. To make it easier to formulate into ingestible products, manufacturers dissolve it in a carrier oil that makes it flow easily. The two commonly used carrier oils for making CBD oil are hemp seed oil and coconut oil.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical substance found in the cannabis plant and is known for its soothing and anti-inflammatory effects. CBD products can be in the form of oil extracts, liquid and capsules such as gels, gums, and supplements. Prescribed cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a powerful anti-seizure suppository. Research is ongoing to determine the range of conditions that can be treated with CBD. Some of its known benefits include treatment for conditions such as anxiety, depression, obesity, schizophrenia, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, and sclerosis.
Currently, the only CBD product approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is Epidiolex, a CBD-based prescription oil for treating some specific forms of epilepsy. Other than this, states' laws on the use of CBD differ. CBD is known to cause side effects such as drowsiness, fatigue, dehydration, diarrhea, and low appetite. Another cause of worry is the unreliability of the dosage of CBD in products. Study shows that CBD products bought online and labeled to contain a specified quantity of the product often have less. Additionally, some contained high doses of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), like Cannabidiol (CBD), is found in plants of the cannabis genus. THC is the primary psychoactive chemical substance that produces the high effect experienced after consuming cannabis. THC and CBD interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system but produce varying effects.
CBD is known for its neurological effects including an anti-seizure benefit recognized by the FDA for the treatment of certain forms of epilepsy. Studies have also indicated promising results regarding the effectiveness of CBD in the management of depression, insomnia, and anxiety. Early results also support anecdotal claims that CBD is useful for managing chronic pain and inflammation as well as for boosting appetite and improving cardiovascular health.
Although CBD does not show up on cannabis drug tests, the THC content of a CBD product may cause the user to fail such a test. While this outcome is unlikely for the typical CBD user, heavy and long-term users of full-spectrum CBD products may fail drug tests because of the accumulation of detectable levels of THC and its metabolites in their bodies. Unregulated CBD products may also lead to failing a drug test because they usually have higher THC concentrations than their low-THC labeling would suggest.